We can use present tenses:
- to talk about the present
- to talk about the future
A repeated action or daily routine
Subject + verb + The rest
I work for my boss.
I do not work for my boss.
Do I work for my boss?
He works for his boss.
He does not work for his boss.
Does he work for his boss?
An action happening at the time of speaking
Subject + am/is/are + verb – ing + The rest
She is reading a book right now.
She is not reading a book right now.
Is she reading a book right now?
An action that happened a tan unstated time in the past
Subject + had + verb – ed / III form + The rest
I had lost my wallet.
I had not lost my wallet.
Had I lost my wallet?
Present Perfect Continuous
An action that started in the past and continues up to the present
Subject + have/has + been + verb – ing + The rest
I have been playing board games for hours.
I have not been playing board games for hours.
Have I been playing board games for hours?
There are four present tense forms:
|Present simple||I work|
|Present continuous||I am working|
|Present perfect||I have worked|
|Present perfect continuous||I have been working|